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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 54(2); 2011 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2011;54(2):175-180.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2011.54.2.175   
Climate change and air pollution
An Soo Jang
Devision of Allergy and Respiratory Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea. jas877@schmc.ac.kr
The average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and the oceans has increased 0.74 +/- 0.18degrees C over the last century. Climate change can cause sea levels to rise, change the amount and pattern of precipitation, shrink the cover of rain forest and forest, increase the intensity of extreme weather events, and cause species extinctions and changes in agricultural yields. Many human diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, allergies, respiratory diseases, and infectious diseases, are related to climate fluctuation. Climate change can cause the level of air pollutants to increase and affect the interaction of air pollutants and respiratory allergens. Ambient air pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide, ozone, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds, and sulfur dioxide have been linked to allergic diseases and asthma. Here, the effect of climate change and air pollution on health outcomes such as asthma and allergic diseases is reviewed.
Key Words: Climate change, Air pollution, Health, Asthma


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