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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 62(12); 2019 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2019;62(12):629-635.
Published online December 17, 2019.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2019.62.12.629   
Diagnosis and non-operative treatment of shoulder pain
Shi Uk Lee
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Seoul Metropolitan Government-Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. shiuk.lee@gmail.com
The shoulder is the third most common region in which musculoskeletal pain occurs, involving symptoms that cause a decrease in quality of life and a reduced ability to perform activities of daily life if untreated. Many lesions cause shoulder pain; therefore, we included those commonly encountered in primary care clinics. We aimed to describe the diagnosis and non-operative or conservative treatment modalities of rotator cuff tendinopathy, impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tear, adhesive capsulitis, biceps tendonitis, and acromioclavicular arthritis. Exercise has been reported to be effective for the treatment of impingement syndrome, and the effect of exercise has been shown to reduce pain. Both home-based self-exercise and exercise supervised by professionals are equally effective. Types of exercise should include stretching, active, active-assistive, and resistive exercise. Ten repetitions per set for 3 sets of each exercise should be prescribed initially post-injury. Repetition and resistance should be increased as strength grows. The use of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of shoulder pain has increased recently. Corticosteroid injection under ultrasonographic guidance is effective in reducing pain.
Key Words: Shoulder pain, Conservative treatment, Rotator cuff, Bursitis, Ultrasonography


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