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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 50(11); 2007 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2007;50(11):937-945.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2007.50.11.937   
Transition of Parasitic Diseases in Korea
Soon Hyung Lee
Department of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea. soonhlee@snu.ac.kr
Abstract
The transition of important parasitic diseases in Korea is briefly reviewed in this article. Soiltransmitted helminthiases, such as ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm infections, which had been prevalent all over the country, decreased remarkably, largely owing to the national control activities by means of mass examination-mass treatment schemes for school students. Paragonimiasis has shown significant reduction in its incidence, but clonorchiasis still remains as an important health-threatening trematode infection. Intestinal trematodiases, including metagonimiasis, heterophyidiases, and echinostomiases are prevalent, and new species, such as Gymonphalloides seoi and Neodiplostomum seoulense, have been documented as new human parasitic diseases. Tapeworm infections including larval cestodiases are also decreasing. Among the protozoan infections, amebiasis and malaria showed an apparent decreasing trend, but in recent years, vivax malaria has become a re-emerging disease. Brugian filariasis, which was prevalent in southern parts of the Korean peninsula, has been completely eliminated nowadays. In terms of the prevalence and distribution, clonorchiasis, enterobiasis, and vivax malaria are currently the major parasitoses of public health importance in Korea.
Key Words: Parasitic Infections, Soil-transmitted Helminths, Clonorchiasis, Enterobiasis, Paragonimiasis, Intestinal Trematodes, Gymnophalloides seoi
 


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