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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 61(7); 2018 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2018;61(7):408-415.
Published online July 19, 2018.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2018.61.7.408   
Reasons of shortage for donated sperm and plan to resolve deficiencies in the sperm donor system
Nam Cheol Park
1Department of Urology, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Pusan, Korea. pnc@pusan.ac.kr
2Korea Institute of Public Sperm Bank, Pusan, Korea.
Sperm banking from recruited donors is an important way to help infertile couples who want to achieve pregnancy by therapeutic artificial insemination, even in the era of in vitro fertilization. Korea has the lowest population density of newborns among all Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries, with a total fertility rate of 1.17 and an annual birth rate of 300,000 or less as of 2017. This situation emerged due to various causes, including late marriage, fecundity problems, and air pollution. Nevertheless, we have imposed strict limits on basic research and clinical activities, including the operation of sperm banks, in the field of human reproduction under the 2005 Bioethics and Safety Act. Therefore, cryopreserved sperm for artificial insemination is almost absent in the sperm banks of major human reproduction centers. To resolve this difficult situation, as well as to increase the operation of sperm banks in Korea to the global standard level, the author evaluates the underlying reasons for donor sperm use by azoospermic patients from medical, ethical, legal, religious, and cultural perspectives, and then proposes a plan to resolve this situation including highly regulated standard operating procedures to ensure comprehensive safety practices for voluntary sperm donors and infertile couples, as well as to build an ideal sperm donation program.
Key Words: Sperm banks, Sperm donation, Standard operation statements, Artificial insemination
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