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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 60(12); 2017 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2017;60(12):978-982.
Published online December 20, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2017.60.12.978   
Glaucoma pathogenesis and lifestyle modification
Younhea Jung
Department of Ophthalmology, Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. write2une@catholic.ac.kr
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Increased intraocular pressure is the most important risk factor for glaucoma. Lifestyle patterns that can increase intraocular pressure include smoking, caffeine consumption, lifting heavy weights, certain yoga postures, playing wind instruments, using swimming goggles, and certain sleeping positions. Lifestyle patterns that may reduce intraocular pressure include aerobic exercise. Although only limited studies have investigated the relationship between these lifestyle patterns and glaucoma, smoking cessation and aerobic exercise are recommended. For other lifestyle patterns, including caffeine consumption, lifting heavy weights, certain yoga postures, wind instruments, swimming using goggles, and certain sleeping positions, there does not seem to be sufficient evidence to prohibit them, but they should be taken into account in patients with advanced glaucoma.
Key Words: Glaucoma, Lifestyle, Etiology


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