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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 45(4); 2002 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2002;45(4):378-384.
Published online August 9, 2016.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2002.45.4.378   
Molecular Genetic Aspects of Alzheimer's Disease
Seol Heui Han
Abstract
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the cause of one of the most common types of dementia, is pathologically characterized by cholinergic deficits, extracellular amyloid deposit, intraneuronal neurofibrillary tangles, gliosis, and neuronal and synaptic loss. The primary clinical manifestation of AD is a profound global dementia that is marked by severe amnesia with additional deficits in language, executive functions, attention, and visuospatial and constructional abilities. Molecular genetic studies have identified at least three genes that, when mutated, cause the autosomal dominant, early-onset familial form of the disease The late-onset, most common forms of the disease are likely to be associated with various genetic susceptibility factors. Research on the underlying pathophysiological dysfunction finally disclosed more disease-specific processes. Of particular importance is the identification and characterization of the secretases involved in endoproteolytic processing of β-amyloid precursor protein, the precursor of the amyloid β-peptide(Aβ). It is generally accepted that Aβ plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of AD, and that reducing brain Aβ levels may be a disease-modifying strategy. By inhibiting one or both amyloidogenic secretases and immunization with Aβ, neuropathological features of AD can be prevented or alleviated.
Key Words: Alzheimer's disease, Amyloid precursor protein, ApoE lipoprotein, Presenilin
 


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