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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 60(10); 2017 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2017;60(10):806-816.
Published online November 10, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2017.60.10.806   
Evidence based exercise to control weight
Yunjun Yang
Inje University Ilsan Paik Hospital, Goyang, Korea. jyang@paik.ac.kr
Abstract
Aerobic and muscle-strengthening exercise is essential for weight management, in addition to diet control. Engaging in moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for 150 to 300 minutes a week and in muscle-strengthening exercise more than twice a week is recommended to reduce obesity. High-intensity aerobic exercise is also effective and can save time. Extra caution is needed to prevent injuries during high intensity exercise. Diabetic patients should prevent hypoglycemia and monitor the status of their feet. Exercise modification is needed in patients with complications of diabetes. Individuals with hypertension can do muscle-strengthening exercises safely. Lower-impact exercises are recommended for patients with osteoarthritis and extremely obese patients.
Key Words: Exercise, Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Osteoarthritis
 


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