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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 60(7); 2017 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2017;60(7):588-597.
Published online August 10, 2017.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2017.60.7.588   
Infant, maternal, and perinatal mortality statistics in the Republic of Korea, 2014
, Hyun Young Shin, Ji Youn Lee, Juhwa Song, Seokmin Lee, Junghun Lee, Byeongsun Lim, Heyran Kim, Sun Huh
1Vital Statistics Division, Statistics Korea, Deajeon, Korea.
2Department of Family Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Seonam University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
3Department of Parasitology and Institute of Medical Education, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea. shuh@hallym.ac.kr
This study aimed to analyze infant, maternal, perinatal, and fetal mortality statistics in the Republic of Korea (Korea), 2014. It was based on the open-access data available from the Statistics Korea website (http://kostat.go.kr/portal/eng/index.action). Recent trends in these vital statistics were also examined. The results of this study constitute a descriptive presentation and analysis of the national data. The number of infant deaths was 1,305 out of 435,435 live births in 2014, and the infant mortality rate was 3.0. The number of maternal deaths was 48. The maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 live births was 11.0. The maternal mortality ratio per 100,000 women of child-bearing age (15 to 49 years old) was 0.37. The number of perinatal deaths was 1,365, and the perinatal mortality rate was 3.1. The number of fetal deaths was 5,317. The fetal mortality rate was 12.1. The trends in those vital statistics in recent years were consistent except for a few findings, including a decrease in the maternal mortality ratio of pregnant women 40 years old and older and a change in the proportions of the causes of infant death, with a decrease in mortality due to neonatal respiratory distress and an increase in mortality due to bacterial sepsis. Although these vital statistics were generally consistent, some aspects varied by year. Pregnant women less than 20 years old should be monitored more intensively for their babies' health. Our findings can serve as basic data supporting the establishment of health policies by the Korean government.
Key Words: Cause of death, Fetal mortality, Infant mortality, Maternal mortality, Perinatal mortality


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