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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 55(7); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2012;55(7):649-656.
Published online July 11, 2012.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2012.55.7.649   
Introduction to aerospace medicine
Jeongku Lim
Medical Division of Headquarter, Republic of Korea Air Force, Gyeryong, Korea. amekorea@gmail.com
Recent reports show that over 2 billion people are travelling via air every year, and the number of countries involved in space exploration is growing. Aerospace medicine, one of the specialty areas in preventive medicine, focuses on the clinical care, research, and operational support of the health, safety, and performance of crewmembers and passengers of air and space vehicles. Flight surgeons are military medical officers who play an important role in these tasks. The civilian equivalent of the flight surgeon is the aviation medical examiner (AME). Among the challenges that we encounter at high altitudes are a change in pressure, noise, spa-tial disorientation, and acceleration. We should also overcome microgravity and radiation in space. The common in-flight medical emergencies are abdominal pain, diarrhea, chest pain, coll-apse, asthma, diabetes, and allergic reactions. There is only one aerospace medical institute, the Aerospace Medical Center, in the Republic of Korea. The Aerospace Medical Association of Korea, established in 1989, continues to grow. In the near future, aerospace medicine will be an important part of preventive medicine in the Republic of Korea.
Key Words: Aerospace medicine, Flight surgeon, Aviation medical examiner


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