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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 55(1); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2012;55(1):74-83.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2012.55.1.74   
Overview of Korean Community Health Survey
Young Taek Kim, Bo Youl Choi, Kay O Lee, Ho Kim, Jin Ho Chun, Su Young Kim, Duk Hyoung Lee, Yun A Ghim, Do Sang Lim, Yang Wha Kang, Tae Young Lee, Jeong Sook Kim, Hyun Jo, Yoojin Kim, Yun Sil Ko, Soon Ryu Seo, No Rye Park, Jong Koo Lee
1Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Cheongju, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Business Statistics, Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea.
4Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Preventive Medicine, Inje University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
6Department of Preventive Medicine, Jeju National University College of Medicine, Jeju, Korea.
7Graduate School of Public Health, Inje University, Busan, Korea. dot96@hitel.net
8Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
In 2008, the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) initiated Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS), the first nationwide survey to provide data that could be used to plan, implement, monitor and evaluate community health promotion and disease prevention program. This community-based cross-sectional survey has been conducted by 253 community health centers, 36 community universities and 1,500 interviewers. The KCHS standardized questionnaire is developed jointly by KCDC staff, a working group of health indicators standardization subcommittee and 16 metropolitan cities and provinces with 253 regional sites. The KCHS was administered by trained interviewers and the quality control of KCHS was improved by introduction of computer-assisted personal interview in 2010. The questionnaire was reviewed annually so that revised and/or new questions could be added based on public health policy. The additional questions included the fixed and rotating cores, emerging issues and optional modules. The standardized questionnaire of KCHS covered a wide variety of health topics, which could be used to assess the prevalence of personal health behaviors related to causes of disease. The KCHS data allows that the differences of health issues among provinces can be directly compared. Furthermore, the provinces can use these data for their own cost-effective health interventions to improve health promotion and disease prevention.
Key Words: Korean Community Health Survey, Community-based cross-sectional survey, Health behaviors


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