J Korean Med Assoc Search


J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 46(3); 2003 > Article
Lee: Common Allergic Diseases in Children


Allergy is an untoward physiologic response in host which is acquired by immunologic mechanisms. Allergic diseases are one of the most common chronic diseases in children and teenagers and have increased since the latter half of the 20th century around the world. The rapid increase of allergic diseases were also reported during the 1980s in Korea. Environmental changes play an important part in the development of allergic diseases, although genetic factor is fundamentally involved in the pathogenesis of allergy. Many studies have explained that allergy is the process in which it divides into production of chemical mediators by attachment of allergen to mast cell and hyper-responsiveness of the target organ by interaction with chemical mediators. However, although many diagnostic methods and treatment sources have been developed from these concepts, the mechanism of the allergy is not yet fully understood. Several researchers and societies have attempted to make guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. However, it is difficult to set guidelines, because children frequently suffer from variable non-allergic diseases which show symptoms similar to allergy. Therefore, it is helpful to approach allergic diseases in children by their age group. We suggest approaches for the diagnosis and management of bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic dermatitis which are common in children according to their age group.


1. Bierman CW, Pearlman DS, Shapire GG, Busse WW. Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology from infancy to adulthood 1996;3rd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.

2. In: Kay AB, editor. Allergy and Allergic Diseases 1997;Oxford: Blackwell Science.

5. In: John H, Arnord O, editor. Textbook of pediatric dermatology 2000;1st ed. Oxford: Blackwell science.

8. In: Middleton JR, editor. Allergy principle and practice 1998;5th ed. USA: Mosby. 1162-1182.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
37 Ichon-ro 46-gil, Yongsan-gu, Seoul
Tel: +82-2-6350-6562    Fax: +82-2-792-5208    E-mail: jkmamaster@gmail.com                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Medical Association.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next