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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 62(5); 2019 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2019;62(5):283-292.
Published online May 17, 2019.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2019.62.5.283   
Child injury death statistics from 2006 to 2016 in the Republic of Korea
, Hyun Young Shin, Ji Youn Lee, Jee Eun Kim, Seokmin Lee, Sun Huh
1Vital Statistics Division, Statistics Korea, Daejeon, Korea.
2Department of Family Medicine, Myongji Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Goyang, Korea.
3Department of Parasitology and Institute of Medical Education, College of Medicine, Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea. shuh@hallym.ac.kr
This study aimed to analyze changing trends in child injury deaths from 2006 to 2016 and to provide basic data for initiatives to help prevent child injury deaths through improvements in social systems and education. Specific causes of death were analyzed using micro-data of the death statistics of Korea from 2006 to 2016, which were made available by Statistics Korea. Types and place of death were classified according to the KCD-7 (Korean Standard Classification of Diseases and Causes of Death). The data were compared to those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. Changing trends were presented. The number of child deaths by injury was 270 in 2016. The death rate was 8.1 per 100,000 population in 2006, while it was 3.9 in 2016. The death rate of boys was 1.7 times greater than that of girls. Unintentional injury deaths comprised 72.6% of all child injury deaths in 2016, while intentional injury deaths comprised 27.4%. The first leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in infants (less than 1-year-old) was suffocation, while that of children aged 1 to 14 years was transport accidents. The second leading cause of death in infants was transport accidents, that of children aged 1 to 4 was falling, and that of children aged 5 to 14 was drowning. Pedestrian accidents comprised 43.7% of the transport accidents from 2014 to 2016. To prevent child injury deaths by both unintentional and intentional causes, nation-wide policy measures and more specific interventions according to cause are required.
Key Words: Child, Cause of death, Drowning, Accidental falls, Self-injurious behavior


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