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J Korean Med Assoc > Volume 61(12); 2018 > Article
Journal of the Korean Medical Association 2018;61(12):740-748.
Published online December 19, 2018.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2018.61.12.740   
Delayed reconstruction of posttraumatic facial deformities
Yong Ha Kim
Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Yeungnam University Hospital, Daegu, Korea. kimyon@ynu.ac.kr
Abstract
Posttraumatic facial deformities (PTFDs) are very difficult to correct, and if they do occur, their impact can be devastating. It may sometimes be impossible for patients to return to normal life. The aim of surgical treatment is to restore the deformed bone structure and soft tissue to create symmetry between the affected side and the opposite side. In the process of managing PTFD, correcting enophthalmos is one of the most challenging aspects for surgeons because of difficulties in overcoming the scar tissue and danger of injuring to the optic nerve. In this article, surgical options for reconstruction of the medial wall, floor, lateral wall, and roof of the orbit are described. To optimize aesthetic improvement, additional cosmetic procedures such as facial contouring surgery, blepharoplasty and rhinoplasty can be used. Plastic surgeons should join emergency trauma teams to implement an overall treatment plan containing rational strategies to avoid or minimize PTFD.
Key Words: Orbital fractures, Facial bones, Enophthalmos
 


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